look, seem, appear 차이는?
헷갈리는 동사 look, seem, appar의 차이점에 대해, 상세하게 살펴볼게요
1. look, seem, appear 가 연결 동사로 사용될 때
She looks unhappy
He seems angry
They appear (to be) contented.
She looked angrily (x)
He seems cleverly (x)
look이 연결 동사가 아니라, 타동사로 쓰일 때, 부사가 사용될 수 있음
She looked angrily at the intruder.
2. look, seem+ as if 또는 like가 올 때
- appear + as if/ like (거의 쓰지 않음)
It looks as if it's going to rain again. 또 비가 올거 같아
It looks like we're going home without a suntan. : 선탠 못하고 집에 가야 할 것 같아
It seems as if they're no longer in love. : 그들은 더이상 사랑에 빠져있는 것 같지 않아
It seems like she'll never agree to a divorce. : 그녀는 이혼에 절대로 동의해줄 것 같지 않아
3. seem/appear+ to부정사나, 완료 부정사가 올 때
- 여기서, look+ to 부정형 은 사용하지 않음
They appear to have run away from home. 그들은 집에서 도망친 것 같다.
I seem to have lost my way. Can you help me? 길을 잃어버린 것 같다. 도와줄 수 있어요?
They appear not to be at home. Nobody's answering. 그들은 아직 집에 없는 것 같아요. 아무도 대답을 하지 않아요.
They do not appear to be at home. 그들은 아직 집에 없는 것 같아요.
4. It seems, It appears + that 절이 올 때
- looks + that은 안됨
It looks that (x)
It looks as if (o)
It looks like (o)
It seems that I may have made a mistake in believing you did this.
It appears that you may be quite innocent of any crime.
It looks as if/like you won't go to prison after a
5. 다음은 seem VS, appear 비교
* seem : 객관적인 사실이나, 인상, 주관적인 인상이나 감정을 표현할 수 있음
* appear : 객관적인 사실이나 인상
(주관적인 인상이나 감정을 언급할 때, 대체로 appear는 쓰지 않음)
주관적인 인상, 감정
It seems a shame that we can't take Kevin on holiday with us.
It doesn't seem like a good idea to leave him here by himself.
It seems ridiculous that he has to stay here to look after the cat.
객관적 사실, 인상
They have the same surname, but they don't appear/seem to be related.
She's not getting any better. It seems/appears that she's not been taking the medication.
6. appear, look : 연결 동사가 아닌 다른 의미, 용법으로 사용 될 때
- seem은 연결동사로만 사용
@ appear =(begin to) be seen 나타나다
She has appeared in five Broadway musicals since 2000.
Cracks have suddenly appeared in the walls in our lounge.
Digital radios for less than ￡50 began to appear in the shops before the end of last year.
@ look = direct your eyes / search 찾다
I've looked everywhere for my passport, but I can't find it.
I've looked through all the drawers and through all my files.
■ 관련글 더 보기
be of (is of) 의 정확한 뜻은?
except와 except for의 차이